5 Strange Theories On Stonehenge Mystery
Theories On Stonehenge
Its construction began on the site around 3100 BC. and carried in phases up until about 1600 BC. The people who built the site left with no written records or few clues as to why they were troubled to schlep the stones to this spot.
Wild theories about Stonehenge have carried on since the Middle Ages with 12th century, myths admiring the wizard Merlin for building the site. More recently, UFO believers have twisted theories about ancient aliens and spacecraft landing pads.
But Stonehenge has encouraged many scientifically reasonable theories as well. Here are five major (and not necessarily mutually exclusive) reasons Stonehenge might exist.
1. A place for burial
Stonehenge may have originally been a graveyard for the high society, according to a new study. Bone fragments were first digged up from the Stonehenge site more than a century ago, but archaeologists at that time thought the residue were non essential and then reburied. Now, British Researchers have again digged out more than 50,000 cremated bone fragments from where they were threw away, representing 63 separate individuals, from Stonehenge. Their inspection displayed on a BBC 4 documentary on March 10, reveals that the people buried at the site were men and women in equal proportions, with some children as well.
The burials appeared in about 3000 B.C., according to study researcher Mike Parker Pearson of the University College London Institute of Archaeology and the very first stones were brought from Wales at that time to mark the graves. The archaeologists also found a mace head and a bowl possibly used to burn incense, suggesting the people buried in the graves may have been religious or political elite, according to The Guardian Newspaper.
2. A place for healing
Another theory convey that Stone Age People Saw Stonehenge as a site having healing properties . In 2008, archaeologists Geoggrey Wainwright and Timothy Darvill revealed that many skeletons recovered from around Stonehenge showed indication of disease or wounds. The archaeologists also revealed that discovering fragments of the Stonehenge Bluestones — the first stones erected at the site — that had been chipped away by ancient people, perhaps to use as talismans for protective or healing purposes.
3. A soundscape
Perhaps Stonehenge circular erection was created to imitate a sound illusion. That’s the theory of Steven Waller, a researcher in Sound Archaeology. Waller said that if two pipers were to play their instruments in a field, a listener would notice a strange effect. At a certain place, the sound waves from the dual pipes would cancel each other and create quiet spot.
The Stones of Stonehenge create a similar effect, except with stones, rather than competing sound waves, blocking sound, Waller reported in 2012 at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Legends associated with Stonehenge also reference pipers, Waller said, and the prehistoric circles are traditionally known as “piper stones“.
Waller theory is hypothetical, but other researchers have confirmed that Stonehenge had amazing sounds. A study released in May 2012 found that the circle would have generate echo sounds similar to those in a modern day church or concert hall.
4. A celestial observatory
Stonehenge may have been erected with the sun in mind. One path connecting the monument with the nearby River Aven lined up with the sun in the mid winter; archaeological evidence reveals that pigs were killed at archaeological in December and January, suggesting possible celebrations or rituals at the monument around the mid winter. The site also faces the mid summer sunrise. And both mid summer and mid winter are still celebrated there today.
5. A team-building exercise
Stonehenge was something like an ancient team-building exercise. According to the University College London’s Pearson, the beginning of the site construction coincides with a time of increased unity among the Neolithic people of Britain. Perhaps inspired by the natural flow of the landscape, which seems to connect mid summer sunrise and mid winter sunset, these ancient people may have banded together to build the monument, Pearson suggested in June 2012.
“Stonehenge itself was a massive undertaking, requiring the labor of thousands to move stones from as far away as West Wales, shaping them and erecting them,” he said in a statement. “Just the work itself, requiring everything literally to pull together, would have been an act of unification”.